A partnership firm is a business structure where two or more individuals come together to collaborate and operate a business with the shared goal of making profits. Partnership firms are regulated by the Indian Partnership Act of 1932. Here’s an overview of the registration process and key points related to partnership firm registration in India.
The Firm is an entity which is formed between two or more than two peoples who mutually agree to divide profits/loss in a predetermined ratio. In this firm, there is a partnership deed is a legal documents used to establish the partnership firm Registration.
To read about the rules of The Partnership Firm Act, 1932 click here
Advantage of Partnership Firm Registration
Registering a partnership firm offers several advantages that can provide legal recognition, protection, and ease of doing business. Here are some advantages of partnership firm registration in India:
- Legal Recognition and Status: Registering a partnership firm provides it with a legal identity separate from its partners. This means the partnership firm can sue and be sued in its own name, making legal proceedings and enforcement of rights more straightforward.
- Enforceability of Rights and Duties: A registered partnership firm can enforce the rights and duties mentioned in the partnership deed through legal action. Partners can also sue the firm and other partners in case of disputes, thereby providing a structured framework for resolving conflicts.
- Evidence of Existence: The partnership deed, submitted during the registration process, becomes strong evidence of the existence and terms of the partnership. This can be useful in case of disputes, misunderstandings, or legal proceedings.
- Public Notice: Registration provides public notice of the existence and details of the partnership firm. This helps prevent third parties from entering into contracts with partners without knowledge of the partnership’s terms.
- Partners’ Rights and Liabilities: Registered partnership firms enjoy clear definitions of partners’ rights, responsibilities, and liabilities. This is especially important in profit-sharing ratios, capital contributions, management roles, and decision-making authority.
- Access to Legal Remedies: Registered firms have access to legal remedies in case of breach of contract, fraud, or other disputes. Partners can seek legal protection and compensation for any harm suffered – partnership firm registration.
- Continuity and Stability: Registration provides a sense of continuity and stability to the partnership. Changes in partners’ composition or management structure do not significantly affect the firm’s existence- partnership firm registration.
- Banking and Financial Transactions: Registered partnership firms find it easier to open bank accounts and conduct financial transactions. Banks and financial institutions often require legal proof of existence for such activities- partnership firm registration.
- Business Expansion and Contracts: Registration can enhance the credibility and reputation of the partnership firm. This can be advantageous when seeking business opportunities, contracts, and collaborations-partnership firm registration.
- Tax Benefits and Compliance: Registered partnership firms are eligible for certain tax benefits and deductions. Additionally, registered firms need to comply with legal and regulatory requirements, promoting transparency and good governance-partnership firm registration.
- Partnership Property: In a registered partnership firm, the property of the partnership is distinct from the individual properties of the partners. This provides clarity regarding ownership and usage of partnership assets- partnership firm registration
Type Of Partnership Firm Registration
Mainly two types of Partnership firm registration which are as followed:
- Registered Partnership Firm: Registered Partnership firm is incorporated by execution of Registered Partnership deed by Registrar Office and after execution of deed. Registered Partnership deed will be registered in the Registrar of Firm of respective state by paying required stamp duty.
- Unregistered Partnership Firm: This type of partnership firm is created by deducing the terms and conditions agreed upon by the partners on a stamp paper of appropriate value, and all the partners sign the deed in presence of one or more witness.
Basic Requirement for a Partnership Firm registration.
- Two or More than one Person for partner.
- Having Some objective.
- Trade name under work together.
- Profit Sharing ration and Initial Contribution.
- Rs 500 Stamp Paper in which Deed is Executed.
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Documents Required for a Partnership Firm registration.
The documents required to be furnished before the ROFs of the partnership firm registration includes:
- Photo, Aadhar & PAN of all Partners
- Proof of Business Place (Lease Agreement/Rent Agreement)
- Form No. 1 (Application for registration under the Partnership Act).
- Original copy of Partnership Deed, signed by all partners.
- Affidavit declaring the intention to become a partner.
- Trade License
- PAN Card of Company
Format Of Partnership Firm Registration Deed:
Below are Format in Text-
This Deed of Partnership is made at Delhi on this 20th day of April 2016, between:
- Mr xxx S/o Sh. Xxx aged about…. years, resident of ……hereinafter called the Party of the First Part,
- Mr xxx S/o Sh. Xxx aged about … years, resident of …. hereinafter called the Party of the Second Part,
Whereas the Parties hereto have mutually decided to start the business of Manufacturing, Trading, selling on E-marketing of Foot wear, artificial jewelry, Computer accessories, Mob accessories, and different Category or any other business Partnership on such terms and conditions which are appearing here-in-after :-
NOW THIS DEED WITNESSETH AS UNDER:
(1) That the business of partnership shall be carried on under the name …XXX or any other name that may be found suitable by the partners.
(2) That the business of the partnership shall be carried at XXXXXXXXXXXXX or any other place as may be mutually agreed upon by the partners.
(3) That the business of partnership shall be Manufacturing, Trading, selling on E-marketing of Foot wear, artificial Jewelry, Computer accessories, Mob accessories,and different Category or any other business as the partners may agree to carry on from time to time.
(4) That this partnership shall be effective from the 20th day of April 2016
(5) That the net profit of the partnership business after deduction of all expenses
relating to business activities including salaries and other establishment expenses as well as interest and remuneration payable to the working partners in accordance with this deed of partnership shall be divided and distributed amongst the partners on the close of accounting year in the following ratio:
- a) Mr xxx – Party of the first Part 50%
- b) Mr xxx– Party of the Second Part 50%
The loss, if any, including loss of capital suffered in any year shall also be apportioned in the above ratio.
(6) That the Partners contribute initially a capital Rs. 10,000 each. Further partners shall contribute capital according to the needs of the business as may be mutually agreed upon. Partners shall be entitled to receive interest on the capital invested or any other sum that may be introduced hereinafter in the partnership at the rate of 12% P.A. or as may be prescribed under section 40 (b) (iv) of the Income Tax
Act, or any other provision as may be applicable in the relevant accounting period. However, in case of loss or lower Income or otherwise, rate of interest can be lower than 12% or can be nil as may be mutually agreed to between the partners.
(7) That both the partners are working partners and it is hereby agreed that each of them shall be entitled to annual remuneration of
- a) Mr xxx – Party of the first Part 30000
- b) Mr xxx – Party of the Second Part 300000
for being working partners. The aggregate of remuneration payable to the working partners shall, however, be proportionately restricted to an amount which shall be worked out as under:
- In respect of book profits of the firm up to Rs. 3,00,000/-,90% of such profits.
- b) In respect of the book profits exceeding Rs. 3,00,000/-, 60% of such profits.
Provided, however, in case of the book profits not exceeding Rs.1,50,000/-, the whole of such profits may be payable as remuneration to the working partners
Provided further, that in case of the book profits exceeding Rs.1,50,000/-, the working partners may be paid a minimum aggregate remuneration of Rs. 1,50,000/-
Provided further, that in case of no book profits or in case of a loss, the partners may, if so mutually agreed upon by both partners of the firm, draw an aggregate remuneration of an amount not exceeding Rs. 1,50,000/-.
For the purposes of the above computation, “book profits” shall mean ‘book profits’
as defined in Explanation 3 to Section 40(b) of the Income Tax Act, 1961, or any other relevant provision that may be applicable for the assessment of the partnership firm for the relevant accounting year.
- That proper books of account shall be maintained by the partnership firm and entries of all such transactions and thing as are usually done shall be made therein. The said books of accounts and all letters, papers and documents belonging to the firm shall at all times be open to inspection by the partners who shall be entitled to take extracts and copies thereof.
- That the final accounts of the partnership shall be taken on the 31st day of March each year during the continuance of the partnership business and all the assets and liabilities and profits and losses shall be worked out and the accounts of the partners shall be debited or credited accordingly.
- That no partner shall without the consent in writing of the other partners sell, assign and mortgage or otherwise transfer his share of interest in the partnership business to any other person.
(11) That no partner shall be responsible for the personal debts of the other partner.
(12) That the partners shall be just and faithful to each other in all transactions and at all times be responsible to give the other a true and faithful account of the affairs of the partnership.
(13) That the bank account of the partnership shall be operated under the individual signatures of any of the partners of the partnership herein constituted.
(14) That any partner desiring to retire from the partnership business shall be required to give three months notice in writing to the other partner of his intention to retire. On dissolution of the firm the assets and liabilities shall be determined and the retiring partner shall be paid the share found to his credit.
(15) That if any partner retires or dies, his legal heir/heirs may be taken as partner in the firm, if agreed to by the other partner.
(16) That in case of any dispute or difference between the partners or their representatives about the interpretation of this deed, whether during continuation of the partnership or at any time thereafter, the matter shall be referred to an arbitrator whose award shall be conclusive and binding on the partners.
In Witness whereof the parties have set their hands to this Deed of Partnership at the place and date written here-in-above.
PARTY OF THE FIRST PART _______________
PARTY OF THE SECOND PART ________________
Partnership firm registration Process:
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